Wind power is a renewable and emission free energy resource. EU has set ambitious goals for the reduction of CO2 emissions and the development of renewable energy. A significant portion of this will be achieved through wind power.
Man has exploited wind power for thousands of years, from the very first sailing boats to ventilation systems dating back to 300 BC. In the 19th century, wind mills were constructed all along the Norwegian coast to grind grain. The international oil crisis at the beginning of the 1970s helped spur the development of modern wind generators for the production of electricity. Wind energy remains one of the most eco-friendly energy sources for large-scale energy production.
Statkraft’s wind power initiatives
In 1997, Statkraft decided to focus on the development of wind power projects. The group’s first wind farm was opened by King Harald at Smøla in 2002. This was also Norway’s first major wind farm. Currently, Statkraft has three wind farms in operation in Norway, and a number of projects are being developed.
Since 2008, Statkraft has concentrated the development of Norwegian, land-based wind energy projects in SAE Vind, a joint-venture with Agder Energy. In Sweden, Statkraft is collaborating with a number of partners to develop wind energy. In the UK we are developing wind power both on land and offshore.
The future of wind power
Germany, Spain and Denmark are amongst the European countries with the most extensive development of wind power. Norway, Sweden and the UK still have a great potential for the development of land-based wind power. The UK also has a number of shallow maritime areas which are well-suited for the development of wind farms resting on the seabed. British authorities aim to develop a huge amount of offshore wind energy in the coming years. Statkraft is applying for licences for the construction of both land-based and offshore wind farms.
In the long-term, more development will take place offshore, where there are good wind resources and space for larger wind farms. The development will first take place in the shallow areas of the North Sea basin, where the turbine towers can be installed on the seabed.
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